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LORAN STATION ATTU

Loran-A - Theodore Point
1944 - 22 JUN 1949
Coordinates: 52 45 09 N 172 54 31 E (MIT 1948 Appendix B)
Coordinates: 52 45 11 N 172 54 43 E - 1948 Op Data Report

Loran-A - Murder Point
22 JUN 1949 - JUL 1961 (approximate)
Coordinates: 52 48 29.37 N 173 09 43.14 E (USCG ltr 1951)

Loran A - CASCO COVE
Loran-A Coordinates: 52 49 58.82 N 173 10 58.86 E (Jul 1975)

Loran C - Casco Cove
Coordinates 52 49.8 N - 173 10.9 E (Oct 1, 1964)
Coordinates: 52 49 44.134 N 173 10 49.528 E (WGS-84)

Fact Sheet:

Site Survey LORAN A:
SEP 1943 Theodore Point

LORAN C:
JUL – SEP 1959 Barabara Point

Construction Date LORAN A:
7 DEC 1943 – JAN 1944 Theodore Point

Constructed by: LORAN A:
Construction DET "A" - Theodore Point

LORAN A/C:
Beck & Associates $1,629,000.00 15 Mar 1960

Established: LORAN A:
JAN 1944 - Theodore Point
01 NOV 1948 - Murder Point – caretaker status
10 JUL 1961 - Casco Cove

LORAN A/C:
152255Z NOV 1961 - Commissioned

Disestablished: LORAN A:
25 JUL 1949 - Theodore Point - 22 Jun 1949- Operations transferred to Murder Point
JUL 1961 - Murder Point
JUL 1979 - Casco Cove

LORAN C:
26 AUG 2010
27 AUG 2010 Last of CG personnel departed station
Operated by: USCG

Chain: LORAN A:
ALEUTIAN, WESTERN ALEUTIANS

LORAN C:
BERING SEA, NORTH PACIFIC

Station Letter designation: LORAN A:
1L0, “T”
1L2, 1L7 “L”

LORAN C:
S6, SL2 – “Y”
SH7, 5930, 9990, 5980– “X”

Station code name: DOOR 3

Station Unit Number/OPFAC: USCG 62, Navy 163 Theodore Point
13-565 – Murder Point
1960 – 17-350810
17-40191

Station nickname:  

On-air testing date: LORAN A:
11 FEB 1944 - Theodore Point

LORAN C:
11 DEC 1960

Operational date: LORAN A:
8 JUN 1944 - Theodore Point
22 JUN 1949 - Murder Point
10 JUL 1961 - Casco Cove

LORAN C:
101000Z JUL 1961 – Chain declared OPS

Operations Ceased: LORAN A:
222200Z JUN 1949 - Theodore Point
101000Z JUL 1961 - Murder Point
302400Z JUN 1979 - Casco Cove

LORAN C:
9990 - 8 FEB 2010
5980 - 01 AUG 2010

Station Operation: LORAN A:
Single SLAVE/SECONDARY

LORAN C:
Single SLAVE/SECONDARY
Dual SECONDARY

Station pair: LORAN A:
1943 – 22 JUN 1949 AMCHITKA
1949 – 30 JUN 1979 ADAK

LORAN C:
S6, SITKINAK, ST PAUL
SL2, SH7, 5930 - PORT CLARENCE, SITKINAK, ST PAUL
9990 - KODIAK*, NARROW CAPE*, PORT CLARENCE, ST PAUL
(Kodiak replaced Narrow Cape which replaced Sitkinak)
5980-X, PETROPAVLOVSK, Kamchatka, Russia (M), ALEXANDROVSK, Sakhalen Island, Russia (Y)

Loran Rate: LORAN A:
1L0, 1L7, 1L2

LORAN C:
S6, SL2, SH7, 5930, 9990, 5980

On-Air: LORAN A:
Theodore Point: 1L0, 8 JUN 1944
Murder Point: 1L7, 222200Z JUN 1949
Casco Cove: 1L2, JUL 1961

LORAN C:
S6, 011000Z JUL 1961
SL-2, 15 DEC 1961 Port Clarence on-air
SH-7, 1969
5930, 25 FEB 1975
9990, 1 MAR 1977
5980, 1991

Off-Air LORAN A:
Theodore Point: 1L0, 222200Z JUN 1949
Murder Point: 1L7, JUL 1961
Casco Cove 1L2, 302400Z JUN 1979

LORAN C:
S6, 15 DEC 1961
SL-2, 1969
SH-7, 25 FEB 1975
5930, 1 MAR 1977
9990-X - 082000Z FEB 2010 -TERMINATION U.S. LORAN OPS
5980-X - 011900Z AUG 2010 - Termination of US International LORAN OPS

Monitor Rate:  

Equipment: LORAN A:
AN/FPN-30 Timers, T-325C Transmitters AM-701 Amplifiers 1 MW

LORAN C:
1960 - AN/FPN-41, Timers, AN/FPN-42, Transmitters, 300KW,  2nd transmitter operational 1962
1970’S - AN/FPN-54A Timers,
1990’s - AN/FPN-44A Transmitters, 400 kW

Antenna Type: LORAN A: AS-1088-TRN 117ft Tower

LORAN C: 625ft TLM – Stainless Inc, Model 1300, 1960
 
Personnel Allowance: LORAN A:
1943: 1 ENS/LTJG – 8 Radarmen – 5 Electronics Tech Mates – 2 Motorman – 2 radioman – 4 seaman – 2 cooks
1948 – 1 Officer, 14 enlisted
JAN 1953 – LTJG, ETC, ET2, 3 ET3, CS1, HM1, EN1, EN2, DC2, 2 FN, SN

LORAN A/C
JUL 1963 – 1 LTJG, 1 RELE, 31 Enlisted

Mascot: 1943 - Sooner; Tippy, Susie
1949 - Miss Gilda
1964 – Brown Dog
1965 - Clown, Brown, Kelly
1971 – Dummy Dog - Rufus
1987 – 1998 – COCO
1989 - Chelsea

Miscellaneous:

1st loran station established at Theodore Point.

William A. Baughman, S1c. was killed during the construction phase of the Theodore Point station.

1940’s Station under the cognizance of the CG District 13th

22 JUN 1949 - Loran A station relocated to Murder Point.

1953 - Robert "Bob" Dahl died as a result of slipped on the ice and the station truck ran over him. Because of inclement weather the Navy could not respond (fly) in time.

1953 - CS2 Darrell "Red" Vandehey on last Navy PBY to Attu. On the retrun trip back to Adak, the Navy PBY did not make it back.

1953 - CO departed island after 10 months without saying goodby or anything. Was angry thaat the CG sent him to such a place.

JUL 1953 - A Japanese ship arrived to exhume and cremate their war dead. It was a flawed idea from the start. They didn't take into account that the bodies buried on the mountain didn't have enough time to decompose.

1961 relocated to the NAVY station at Casco Cove becoming an an A/C station.

1962 - Airplane hanger burned down

26 JUN 1965 - HADJITSAKOS ran aground

1972 – Loss of Life – ET3 working with disgarded ordnance

1977/78 – Loss of life – MK3

30 JUL 1982 – C-130 crash – SN Steven D Berryhill Station member) and AT3 Brad S Canfield - loss of life
http://www.uscg.mil/history/AviationCasualties.asp

Commanding Officers /
Officers in Charge
LORAN A:

THEODORE POINT

1st CO: ENS Edwin L Doster 1943 – 8 AUG 1944
CO: ENS George Orford 8 AUG 1944 – 02 OCT 1945
CO: LTJG Joseph Ziemien 02 OCT 1945 – 34 MAR 1946
CO: LTJG Ron G. Lineburg 24 MAR 1946 – 8 MAY 1946
CO: CRM James T Meade 8 MAY 1946 – 22 NOV 1946
OINC: ETM2/c Hollis L Peden 22 NOV 1946 – 27 NOV 1946 (Acting)
CO: LTJG James H.B. Morton 27 NOV 1946 – 17 APR 1947
CO: LTJG Burton V Weston 17 APR 1947 – 1948
OINC: MoMM1/c Edward F Clements 29 NOV 1948 - ?
CO: CRELE William H. Keel ? – 05 SEP 1948
Last CO: ENS David Jenkins 05 SEP 1948 – 22 JUN 1949

MURDER POINT

1st CO: ENS David Jenkins 22 JUN 1949 -
CO: LTJG Alvin J Boxwell 1949 – JUL 28 1950
CO: LTJG Robert S Hall 28 JUL 1950 – 22 JUL 1951
CO: LTJG Stuart T Scharfenstein 22 JUL 1951 – 1 AUG 1952
CO: LTJG Richard J Mayer 1 AUG 1952 – JUN 1953
CO: LTJG Daniel L Muir JUN 1953 – 10 JUN 1954
CO: LTJG Adrian L Lonsdale 10 JUN 1954 – 31 MAY 1955
CO: LTJG John F Ellis 31 MAY 1955 – 31 MAY 1956
CO: LTJG Gordon R Campbell 31 MAY 1956 – 20 MAY 1957
CO: LTJG William C Boinest 20 MAY 1957 – 27 MAY 1958
CO: LTJG Richard N Abrahams 27 MAY 1958 – 27 MAY 1959
CO: LT Robert J Ketchel 27 MAY 1959 – 10 JUN 1960
Last CO: LTJG Paul D Henneberry 10 JUN 1960 -


LORAN A/C:

CASCO COVE

CO: LT Everett G Walters ? – 6 APR 1961
CO: LT David R Markey 6 APR 1961 – 3 MAR 1962
CO: LT John E Erwin 3 MAR 1963 – 9 APR 1963
CO: LTJG Martin J Moynihan 9 APR 1963 – 14 APR 1964
CO: LTJG Dennis C Hilliard 14 APR 1964 - APR 1965
CO: LTJG Edward Roe APR 1965 - APR 1966
CO: LTJG Harvey Wahnquist APR 1966 - APR 1967
CO: LTJG Grey 1968 - 1969
CO: LT Jon McNutt 1969 - 1970
CO: LTJG Malcom Gray 1971 - 1972
CO: LTJG R D Crane 1972 - 1973
CO: LTJG Ingram 1973 - 1974
CO: LTJG Orr 1975
CO: LTJG Kacmarski 1976 - 1977
CO: LTJG James Sabo 1977 – MAR 1978
CO: LTJG Theodore Mar MAR 1978 – MAR 1979
CO: LTJG William Davis MAR 1979 – APR 1980

LORAN C:

CO: LTJG Jeff Karonis APR 1980 – APR 1981
CO: LTJG Kevin Gates APR 1981 - MAR 1982
CO: LTJG Robert J Wilson MAR 1982 - APR 1983
CO: LTJG Christopher J Paquette APR 1983 - 1984
CO: LTJG Drew Rambo 1984 - 1985
CO: LTJG Steve White 1985 – 1986
CO: LTJG Monique Foster 1986 - 1987
CO: LTJG Moore 1988 - 1989
CO: CWO Dave Billig JUL 1990 – JUL 1991
CO: CWO Michael Joyce JUL 1991 - 1992
CO: CWO Skip Baldwin 1993 - 1994
CO: CWO Ernie Eberwein 1994 - 1995
CO: CWO Patrick J Calpin 1995 - 1996
CO: CWO Mike Taffe 1996 - 1997
CO: CWO David Fowler 1998 - 1999
CO: CWO Brad Brazier 1999 - 2000
CO: CWO Robert J Manning 2000 – 2001
CO: CWO Jesus Mesa 2001 - 2002
CO: CWO Steven Pfister 2002 - 2003
CO: CWO Robert Kaufman 2003 - 2004
CO: CWO Michael Marion 2004 – JUN 2005
CO: CWO Mark S Howard JUL 2005 -
CO: CWO Ronald G Long ? – JUN 2007
CO: CWO Robert Coyle JUN 2007 – 25 JUN 2008
CO: CWO Pete Bower 25 JUN 2008 – JUN 2009
CO: CWO James S Beeson JUN 2009 – JUN 2010
Last CO: CWO Jeff L Rosenberg JUN 2009 - 26 AUG 2010

Reminiscing:

George Sackett - Tower work pdf

Fred's Place Reunion Hall

Old - New

Documents

Sep 1948 - Letter of Relief
Jul 1950 - Letter of Relief
25 JUN 2008 - Letter of Relief
NOV 1943 - 1944 Robert Henchal Photo Album Assigned to CG Construction Detachment 26 - contributed by daughter Tess
Theodore Point Station Layout Summer 1944 - contributed by RdM3c(L) Robert K Yeaton
31 Dec 1946 - Transfer of Sugar Loaf

Navy Unit Commendation medal ribbon  1948 Letter, file CG-783 awarding the Navy Unit Commendation medal to a member of Construction Detachment 26 [17 MB pdf file].  There in an interesting part of history attached to this letter in the form of a handwritten letter from the recipient of the Navy Unit Commendation.

During both of my tours on Attu, I've only known of the Japanese monument marking the Colonel's death (at engineer hill, an engraved boulder) and the one honoring both American and Japanese at the station.  I had never known that Construction Detachment 26 had honored one of their own, at Theodore Point.  Bravo Zulu to CD 26.
-Joe Jester, ETC, USCG(ret)

Mar 1948 - Board of Investigation - Commissary Stores
Mar 1948 - ECV construction message - New Station - Murder Point
Jul - Dec 1948 - Murder Point Correspondence 
27 Sep 1948 - HQs Memo - Murder Point Construction
Dec 1948 - Operational Data Report
22 Jun 1949 - Transfer of Operations to Murder Point Message
25 Jul 1949 - Disestablishment of Theodore Point - pdf
08 JUL 1959 - Bureau of Land Letter (pdf)
10 AUG 1959 - Aeronautical Study (pdf)
21 AUG 1959 - Land Acquisition (pdf)
01 FEB 1960 - LORAN C USCG Real Property (pdf)
26 OCT 1961 - Radiation Measuring Devices (pdf)
08 FEB 1980 - Property at ATTU (pdf)
08 FEB 1960 - LORAN C Real Property Correspondence (pdf)
181750Z FEB 1960 - LORAN C Land Acquisition msg (pdf)
041930Z MAR 1960 - Land Authorization (pdf)
190103Z MAR 1960 - Access for Construction (pdf)
28 APR 1960 - Navy Letter Land Acquisition (pdf)
09 MAY 1960 - Land Acquisition (pdf)

Pictures:

South East Attu Island AK

SE portion of Attu Island, AK

Theodore Point - Antenna Masts & Equipment Hut

c./1945   (U.S. Coast Guard photo)

Theodore Point - Station from 500 foot saddle

c./1945   (U.S. Coast Guard photo)

The pictures below are of Theodore Point c./1947-48 from NARA Washington,DC

Theodore Point Station

(U.S. Coast Guard photo)

Theodore Point Station

(U.S. Coast Guard photo)

Theodore Point Station

(U.S. Coast Guard photo)

Theodore Point - bulldozer in the mud

(U.S. Coast Guard photo)

Theodore Point - bulldozer

(U.S. Coast Guard photo)

Theodore Point - String of Dolly Varden Trout

(U.S. Coast Guard photo)


The photos were contributed by Leslie Cloaninger whose father, John Mitcham, served on ATTU in 1943

Theodore Point Crew 1943

1943 - Toite, Les, Bellamy, and Eckis pausing during a hike for a photo

1943 - John S. Swan EM 3/c of Prinston IL - One swell guy

1943 - Les the Mess Cook

1943 - The sun shines bright (once a month maybe)

1943 - Echis and John one sunny day ... notice the flowers

1943 - Crew

1943 - Station dogs: Sooner with Tippy and Susie

1943 - Baxter Cove

Baxter Cove - December 1943

1943 - Baughman Cove, from the station

1943 - A quiet day in Baughman Cove, Attu

1943 - Stream in Nevidiskov Vally (full of trout)

1943 - P40s over Army Hut

1943 - Some Gun Crew

We caught 100 of Salmon and Dollys. Fishermen's Paradise

1943 - More fish with the fishermen

1943 - Some of the first 500 oil drums we brought ashore. It was hell.

1943 -  Moe Tuner and the Skipper of YP 89 pushing the barrel

1943 - The LCT with some of the second 500 oil barrels ... more work

1943 - moving oil barrels ashore

1943 - more oil barrels and crew

1943 - Bulldozer

1943 - Les and Jack on the bulldozer

Toite and Jack (just fooling then) but I can driver it

Thanks Leslie!


Loran Station Attu (Murder Point) 1949-1951

Loran Station Attu (Murder Point) circa  1949-1951 from the
Lawrence Eastman photographs, Archives and Special Collections,
Consortium Library, University of Alaska Anchorage.


circa post 1984 Casco Cove Station with Mt Terrible in the background

Station from mid level of 625 ft Tower

View of Station from about halfway up the 625 foot tower.
--photo provided by Ken Hydock

Dec 2007 - View of station from top of the 625 ft Tower

View from 625' tower c./Dec 2007

Crew list Feb 1978 - Feb 1979

c./1978


The below photos were contributed by Bob Coyle (CO 2008/09)

Station Crew 2008 - 2009

Station crew

circa 2008 - Snowboarding

Jan 2009  - Polar Bear Swim

Polar Bear Swim 1 JAN 2009

Thanks Bob!


 

The below photos were contributed by Arthur Petty c./ 1989-90

Attu International Airport Terminal - 1989

At the international airport

circa 1989 - WWII Monument

At the WWII Monument

Last day with friend

Last day with HS2

Thanks Arthur!


1953 Attu Island Map with minor revisions 1970

Attu Tours Map

Loran Station Attu Patch - Home of the Horny Bird

circa 1989 Loran Station Attu Patch

c./1989

Cover (ball cap) Patch

Cover patch - ball cap


Station Decommission Ceremony 27 AUG 2010
Contributed by CDR Marc Sanders

Aug 2010 - CG HC-130 on termac

Anti-aircraft gun from WWII

CDR Sanders on road between station and airport terminal

CDR walking towards the beach road

CDR Sanders in front of the station building by the flag pole

CDR Sanders in front of the station building

looking over Massacre Bay from station foyer

Presentation to Commanding Officer

Hauling down the Colors

Folding the National Ensign with crew and visitors at attention

WWII vetran and CDR Sanders at attention

Folding the National Ensign

Folding the National Ensign

The final crew and visitors

The final crew

Decommissioning Scripts

CWO Jeff Rosenberg D17 Submission

CDR Sanders (XO NAVCEN) Comments - pdf

Russian-American LORAN-C Termination Remarks - pdf

LORSTA ATTU LORAN-C TERMINATION CEREMONY 01 August 2010 - pdf

Thanks Commander!

Coffee Mug c./mid 70's contributed by Dave Belisle

Attu Coffee Mug 1970s picture by Dave Belisle

Thanks Dave!

 

The below photos were contributed by David Jones c./2001-2002


Station Crew


Lots of snow


Station with snow on a bad roof

Thanks Dave!