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LORAN STATION CAROLINA BEACH

CYCAN:
CYTAC/1ST / 2ND LORAN C: 34 03 46.36 N 77 54 46.19 W

LORAN C: 34 03.8N - 77 54.8W (Oct 1, 1964)
34 03 46.040 N 77 54 46.760 W (1978)
34 0346.208 N 77 54 46.100 W (WGS-84)

Fact Sheet

Site Survey:  

Construction Date 1945 - CYCLAN
1952 - CYTAC/ LORAN C

Constructed by:  

Established: 1945 - CYCLAN
1952 - CYTAC
1957 - LORAN C

Disestablished:  FEB 2010

Operated by: CYCLAN: USAAC
CYTAC: USAF
LORAN C: USCG

Chain: LORAN C:
U.S. EAST COAST 12 AUG 1958 – 25 FEB 1975
U.S. NORTHEAST 25 FEB 1975 – PRESENT
U.S. SOUTHEAST 9 SEP 1978 - PRESENT

Station Letter designation: S0, SL-0, SS-0, SS-7, 9930 – “M”
7980, “Z”
9960, “Y”

Station code name: CLOSE 2

Station Unit Number: 05-40117

Station aka: CAPE FEAR

On-air testing date: 1945 - CYCLAN
1954 - CYTAC
1957 - LORAN C

Operational date: 12 AUG 1957 – 021300Z JUN 1962 Experimental Equipment
021300Z JUN 1962 – AN/FPN-41/42

Operations Ceased: 7980 - 08 FEB 2010
9960 - 08 FEB 2010

Station Operation: S0, SL-0, SS-0, SS-7, 9930 – MASTER
7980, ZULU
9960, YANKEE

Station pair: S0 - JUPITER INLET, MARTHA'S VINEYARD
SL-0 - JUPITER INLET, MARTHA'S VINEYARD
SS-0 - JUPITER INLET, NANTUCKET, DANA
SS-7 - CAPE RACE, JUPITER INLET, NANTUCKET, DANA, WILDWOOD “T”
9930 - CAPE RACE, DANA, JUPITER INLET, MALONE, NANTUCKET, WILDWOOD “T”
7980 - GRANGEVILLE, JUPITER INLET, MALONE, RAYMONDVILLE
9960 - CARIBOU, DANA, NANTUCKET, SENECA, WILDWOOD “T”

Loran Rate: S0, SL-0, SS-0, SS-7, 9930, 7980, 9960
On-Air: 1945 - CYCLAN
1954 - CYTAC

LORAN C:
S0 – 12 AUG 1957
S0 – OCT 1958
SL-0 – 021300Z JUN 1962
SS-0 – 1966
SS-0 – 15 MAY 1967 – New Transmitting Antenna
SS-7 – 6 JAN 1969
9930 – 25 FEB 1975
7980 – 9 SEP 1978
9960 – 9 SEP 1978

Off-Air CYCLAN: UNKN
1955 - CYTAC

LORAN-C
S0- 28 SEP 1958 – HURRICANE HELENE*
S0 – 021300Z JUN 1962
SL-0 – 1966
SS-0 – JAN 1967
SS-0 – 6 JAN 1969
SS-7 – 25 FEB 1975
9930 – 9 SEP 1978
7980Z - 082000Z FEB 2010 - TERMINATION U.S. LORAN C OPS
9960Y - 082000Z FEB 2010 - TERMINATION U.S. LORAN C OPS

Monitor Rate:  

Equipment: LORAN "C" test site equipped w/ AN/FPN 15 (XW-1) Xmtr
02 JUN 1962 - AN/FPN-41/42, 625ft TOWER, 300KW, Timer SN 19
15 MAY 1967 TIP ARRAY OPER, 700KW

Antenna Type: 625ft TLM - 1950’s – 28 SEP 1958
625ft TLM – Wind Turbine Model 6000c 1958 – MAY 1967
625ft – Stainless Inc, Model 1803 (TIP) – MAY 1967

Personnel Allowance:  

MASOTS 1987 - BONEHEAD

Miscellaneous: 1945 - CYCLAN - First low freq test station
1952 - CYTAC/experimental station

LORAN C:
1958 Air Force transferred station to USCG
SEP 28, 1958 1st antenna fell (625ft) due to damage from Hurricane Helen (Sep 26,1958, with winds of 135mph, and gust over 160mph) - self supporting
Spring 1959 – New 625 tower installed
Replacement - New Type of Ant: Inverted
281200Z AUG 1962 – Chain declared Operational

Commanding Officers /
Officers in Charge
1st OINC: WO E J Echols APR 1957 – JUL 1958
1st CO: LT W. R. Fearn JUL 1958 – JUL 1961
2nd CO: LT/LCDR Bruce H Edwards JUL 1961 – 3 JUN 1964
3rd CO: LCDR Gordon R Campbell 3 JUN 1964 – MAY 1966
4th CO: LCDR Robert L. Burjoice MAY 1966 - AUG 1968
5th CO: LT R W Williams AUG 1968 - JUL 1971
6th CO: LTJG K S Shepard JUL 1971 - JUL 1973
7th CO: LTJG A A Sarra JUL 1973 - JUL 1975
8th CO: LTJG S H Franscis JUL 1975 - AUG 1977
9th CO: CWO4 I L Gaines AUG 1977 - NOV 1980
10th CO: CWO4 Kirk D. Rose NOV 1980 - JUN 1984
11th CO: CWO4 P.S. Hughes JUN 1984 - NOV 1988

1st OINC: ETC C F Reimer NOV 1988 - OCT 1989
2nd OINC: ETC C.A. Safrit OCT 1989 - AUG 1992
3rd OINC: ETCS B.J. Woolwine AUG 1992 - JUN 1996
4th OINC: ETC J.W. Cockrell JUN 1996 - FEB 1999
5th OINC: ET1 J T Ligon FEB 1999 - APR 1999
6th OINC: ETCS J G Sauls APR 1999 - MAY 2003
7th OINC: ETC S T Rourk MAY 2003 - JUL 2007
Last OINC: ETC Michael C Smith JUL 2007 - 01 JUN 2010

Documents:

29 MAY 1962 - White House Brief - LORAN C Operations - US East Coast Change of Configuration
09 OCT 1963 - USAF Tactical Requirements (pdf)
14 OCT 1963 - Tactical use of LORAN C (pdf)
03 JUN 1964 - CoC Ltr
06 AUG 2014 - Historic American Engineering Record Report (pdf)

Pictures

Loran Station Carolina Beach

Image from Google earth

Lorsta Carolina Beach spring 1959

Photo located at NARA Washington, DC c./Spring 1959

28 September 1958 Hurricane Helene

The below photos were contributed by Larry Cribb

Baker's Steakhouse  junction of River Road & Caro Beach Rd circa 1958

Baker's Steakhouse.  Most of the 1958 crew rode out Hurricane Helene here.

Top third of tower on ground, compliments of Hurricane Helene

Sep 1958, Hurricane Helene.  Top third of self-supporting 625 ft tower on the ground

625 foot tower bent by Hurricane Helene

Sep 1958, Hurricane Helene.  Looking up at the self-supporting 625 ft tower.  Notice the bend on the upper portion.

Carolina Beach circa Sep 1958

Sep 1958, Loran Station Carolina Beach

Carolina Beach new tower, circa 1959

New guyed tower, circa 1959

Carolina Beach Control Room, circa 1959

Control room, circa 1959

Thanks Larry!

The below photos were contributed by ETC Michael Smith OINC

Lorsta Carolina Beach Sep 11 1962

Sept 11, 1962

Entrance Gate

Entrance gate

Aerial view from west tower

Taken from the West Tower

Termination crew

Termination LORAN C signal Station Crew and ESDD personnel
Station L to R: - ET1 Adolfo (Manny) Lugo, ET2 Michael Leveille, MK1 Amel Davis, ETC Michael Smith (OINC)
ESDD L to R: IT1 Gustavo (Gus) Rullan, ET2 Emily Siglin, ET3 Joshua Blair, IT1 Jack Jarosz

Lorsta Carolina Beach SSX transmitter Sep 13 2000

The SSX Transmitter Sept 13, 2000

Tower rescue training

Tower rescue training

Antenna feed to TIP antenna

Admin-APEX - Sunset

Morale and recreation circa 2000

Field Trip Sept 13, 2000

Station Patch

Station Patch

THANKS CHIEF!

SSX installation roster from CDR Thomas

Station Floor tile - those who served during the SSX installation c./Sept-Oct 1987