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LORAN STATION MARCUS

24 17.1 N 153 58.7 E (01 OCT 1964)
24 17 07.700 N 153 58 51.500 E (WGS-72)
24 17 08.026 N 153 58 53.786 E (WGS-84)

FACT SHEET:

Site Survey: JAN 1962
 
Construction Date Spring 1963 - CONSTRUCTION COMMENCED
 
Constructed by: Chris Berg of Seattle, WA
On site supervisor: Jack Allen
 
Established: JUL 1963
011245 OCT 1963 - STATION COMMISSIONED
Disestablished: 30 SEP 1993 - Disestablishment Ceremony - Station to the government of Japan
 
Operated by: 1963 - 30 SEP 1993 - USCG
 
Chain: NORTHWEST PACIFIC
 
Station Letter designation: SS-3, 9970 - "W"
7930 - "M"
 
Station code name: WING III
 
Station Unit OPFAC:
Mail Address:
14-40178
FPO SEATTLE 98782
Radio Call Sign: NRV-6 - NET
N5MV - HAM
Station aka: White Pearl
 
On-air testing date: 25 JUL 1963 - SS-3 Normal Star Configuration
17 MAR 1964 - SS-3 MARCUS Master - Chain reconfiguration (IWO Off Air)
21 DEC 1964 - SS-3 "W" - Normal STAR Configuration (IWO On Air)
Operational date: 21 JAN 1964
 
Operations Ceased: 30 SEP 1993
 
Station Operation: SS-0; SS-3; 9970 - Single SLAVE/SECONDARY "W"
7930 - Single MASTER
Station pair: SS-0; SS-3; 9970 - GESASHI; HOKKAIDO; IWO; YAP
7930 - GESASHI; HOKKAIDO; YAP
9970 - GESASHI; HOKKAIDO; IWO; BARRIGADA
Loran Rate: SS-0; SS-3; 7930; 9970
 
On-Air:

SS-3 (W) - 21 JAN 1964 - GESASHI; HOKKAIDO; IWO; YAP
SS-0 (M) - 25 MAY 1964 - GESASHI; HOKKAIDO
SS-3 (W) - 01 JAN 1965 - GESASHI; HOKKAIDO; IWO; YAP
9970 (W) - 25 FEB 1975 - GESASHI; HOKKAIDO; IWO; YAP
7930 (M) - 210300Z FEB 1981 - GESASHI; HOKKAIDO; YAP
9970 (W) - 310700Z MAR 1981 - GESASHI; HOKKAIDO; IWO; YAP
9970 (W) - 18 JUN 1986 - Completion of Tower Replacement Officially On-Air
9970 (W) - 1987 - GESASHI; HOKKAIDO; IWO; BARRIGADA

Off-Air

SS-3 (W) - 1964 - Chain reconfiguration IWO/YAP tower failures
SS-0 (M) - 21 DEC 1964 - Chain reconfiguration to normal STAR
SS-3 (W) - 25 FEB 1975 - Change of rate
9970 (W) - 202300Z FEB 1981 - Chain reconfiguration - IWO off air
7930 (M) - 310300Z MAR 1981 - Chain reconfiguration - IWO on air
9970 (W) - 21 MAR 1986 - Off air - tower replacement
9970 (W) - 1987 - 9970 (Z) operations transferred to BARRIGADA
9970 (W) - 30 SEP 1993 - U.S. Loran-C operations terminated
 

Monitor Rate:
 
Equipment: 1963 - AN/FPN-45/46 sn: 1 & 2; 3Mw
1968 - Clarinet Pilgrim installed
1975 - AN/FPN-54 Timers sn: 88 & 89; AN/FPN-60 sn: 21 installed
30 SEP 1993 - Equipment transferred to the GOJ
Transmitter AKA: GRETCHEN & CYNTHIA
 
Antenna Type: 1963 - 08 APR 1986 - 1350 ft TLM Stainless Inc. Model 1460 - 3Mw
18 JUN 1986 - 700ft - 1Mw
Personnel Allowance: 1969 - 2 officers; 33 enlisted
1979 - 2 officers; 27 enlisted
1985 - 2 officers; 22 enlisted
 
Mascot: 1967 - Skipper
1976 - Schnitzel; Lady; Willie; Chopper
1984 - Leonard
1987 - Willie Bear; Snitter - died
Miscellaneous:

13 AUG 1962 - Site Survey declassified

NOV 1962 - Loran site not officially transferred from the U.S. Air Force even though recognition of the transfer has been received. The Air Navigation Facility (Radio Beacon) was an ICAO requirement. The weather facility was a requirement of both ICAO and SAC.

1963 - Transferred completed. An agreement was that the U.S. Weather Bureau would staffed the weather station.

01 NOV 1963 to AUG 1968 - the weather station was operated by U. S. Weather Bureau. The US Coast Guard operated and maintained the Loran Station and radio beacon.

MAY 1964 - Chain reconfiruation - IWO & YAP tower failure.

OCT 1966 - Typhoon KELLY struck the island. Station off-air.

26 JUN 1968 - The island administration control was return to the Government of Japan. Control of the Weather Station and Radio Beacon were transferred to Japan.

17 JAN 1969 - The Japanese commenced to built a new Weather Station. Upon completion the Japanese Self Defense Force and Meteorological Agency operated the Weather Station.

1973 - HM committed suicide.

1977 - Typhoon IVY struck the island.

1983 - Typhoon DINAH struck the island.

21 MAR 1986 - Station off air for tower replacement

08 APR 1986 - 1350' tower demolished

18 JUN 1986 - 700' tower construction completed - station on air

30 SEP 1993 - The crew of U.S. Coast Guard LORAN Station Marcus Island decommissioned their station and transferred the station to the Japanese Maritime Safety Agency (JMSA). This was the last station in the NORTHWEST PACIFIC chain to be decommissioned and turned over to the JMSA under the 1992 agreement between United States and Japan.
 

Commanding Officers /
 Officers in Charge
1st CO: LTJG Louis C. Snell 1962 - 1963
2nd CO: LT Ralph Anderson 1963 - 1964
3rd CO: LT William P. Leahy 1964 - 1965
4th CO: LT King 1965 - 1966
5th CO: LT Lawrence D. Brooks 1966 - 1967
CO: LT Mahar 1968 - 1969
CO: LTJG Edward C. Cummings 1969 - 1969
CO: LT Peasons 1969 - NOV 1970
CO: LT R. S. Fish NOV 1970 - 1971
CO: LT Daniel D. Ryan 1971 - 1972
CO: LTJG Phillip A. Piet 1972 - 1973
CO: LT Ray 1973 - 1974
CO: LT Lawrence Jasmann 1974 - 1975
CO: LT Alexandre LeGault MAY 1977 - OCT 1977 (rotated from Iwo Jima - 4 months)
CO: LT Arthur French OCT 1977 - 1978
CO: LT James Dennis 1978 - 1979
CO: LT Bruce Tate 1979 - 1980
CO: LT Craig Peterson 1980 - 1981
CO: LT John Crowley 1981 - 1982
CO: LT Hugh Sage 1982 - 1983
CO: LT Michael Kopito 1983 - 1984
CO: LT Dwight "Bones" McGee 1984 - 1985
CO: LT Edward L. Love 1985 - OCT 1986
CO: LT Paul J. Tikkanen OCT 1986 - 16 OCT 1987
CO: LTJG Brian G. Beason 16 OCT 1987 - 1988
CO: LTJG P. Paquette 1988 - MAR 1989
CO: LT James N. Koshar MAR 1989 - APR 1990
CO: LTJG John D. Wood APR 1990 - APR 1991
CO: LTJG Jerald L. Woloszynski APR 1991 - MAY 1992
Last CO: LT Michael B. Christian MAY 1992 - 30 SEP 1993

Fred's Place: OLD NEW

AWARDS:

Coast Guard Meritorious Unit Commendation

14 JUL 1977 - 26 OCT 1977

25 OCT 1984 - 24 OCT 1985

25 OCT 1985 - 24 OCT 1986

01 NOV 1986 - 15 OCT 1987

JUL 1989 - APR 1990

APR 1992 - FEB 1993

OCT 1992 - JUL 1993

Documents:

15 JUN 1964 - Logistic Support for LORSTA's Marcus and Iwo Jima - pdf

JUL 1969 - Station General Information Book - pdf

SEP 1971 - Operation KAPUT KAMIKAZE - pdf

240221Z SEP 75 - State Department S/V FLATBUSH MAN sunk - pdf

241558Z SEP 75 - State Department S/V FLATBUSH MAN sunk - pdf

MAY 1979 - Station Information Book - pdf

SEP 1985 - Station Information Book - pdf (This may been a recopy for 1986 as there is mentioned the 700ft tower which construction was completed in September 1986)

12 SEP 1986 - Commandant Bulletin - Un-tenna article (Replacement of tower) - pdf

1988 - Welcome to Loran Station Marcus Island (article by HM1 Scott Evans) - pdf

24 JUN 1993 - D14 OPORDER 05-93 to Disestablishment and Transfer Loran Station Marcus Island - pdf

AUG-SEP 1993 - MOU Transfer of Station; in preparation - pdf

30 SEP 1993 - Decommission and Turnover Ceremony - pdf

30 SEP 1993 - Letter of Appreciation to LT Brian B. Christian - pdf

Pictures:

The shadow shows the Loran Tower is still standing
Photo from Google Earth

---Joe Jester

Photos below were contributed by Angus MacFeeley

1977 Aerial

Thanks Gus!

Photos below were contributed by Robert Jackson (ENC) c./1965-66

more of Robert Jackson photos

Thanks Robert!

Station patch retrieved from Fred's Place c./1992

The photo below was contributed by Scott Evans c./1980

Weekly softball games woth our Japanese friends

Thanks Scott!

Station Hat
Contributed by Don Perillo

Thanks Don!

The below photos were contributed by Larry Brroks (CO 1966-67)

White coral triangle one mile on each each

more of Larry Brooks photos

The below photos were contributed by Don Johnson c./1965-66

Aerial

Station view

Fourth station crew - 1965

Don himself

Thanks Don!

The below photos were contributed by Robert Mudge c./1970

LT Fish and CWO Midgette on messdeck for the USO show

LT Fish and CS1 Tapley
CS1 inquiring about LT Fish's shoulder

Unknown and CS1 Tapley playing cribbage

The White Pearl Certificate

Thanks Bob!