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LORAN STATION CAPE CHRISTIAN

Station Information

Site Survey: 07-13 AUG 1952
 
Construction Date: Commenced: 16 APR 1953
Completed: 1954

Constructed by: 1953: North Atlantic Constructors ($2,680,000)
 
Established:
Commissioned:
1954
Decommissioned:
Disestablished:
30 JUN 1975
30 JUN 1975

Operated by:

USCG
Project code name:

DOPE II

Unit Identifier:


01-40102
Mail address: 1957: APO 677, Postmaster New York, NY
1961: APO 228, New York, NY
 
AKA:



HAM Call Sign:



Personnel Allowance: 1 Officer & 32 Enlisted 1953 agreement

In the early years of the station crews were relieved in August. The relieving crew would muster in Boston, receive Arctic clothing and instruction follow a departure to Thule AFB. The crew then would be transported via ship to the station. Half of the crew to be relieve would depart the station and the remaining crew member would indoctrirnate and training the new crew. Two weeks later, the remaining crew members would depart for Thule and the relief crew would be transported back to Boston, turn in their Arctic clothing and settle any remaining pay owed them and expenses. They were normally given preference to the District desired and in some case the station.

1956: 1 Officer; 19 Enlisted

1957: 1 Officer; 21 Enlisted

1964: 1 Officer; 23 Enlisted
Station Mascot: 1971: Sam a Newfounder

Station events: 1952: JCS planned to support Operation Blue Jay

1953 APR 16: CG requests permission from the Canadian government to construct the Loran Station.

1954: Agreement no hunting permitted nor any other type of military operation with the exception of operating the Loran station.

1956: A landing strip was improvised on the station beach by the crew.

1957: MASTER "SYNC" and SLAVE Monitor roles were interchangeable.

1971 OCT 26: HC-130B crashed. Engineers Digest article

1971 - 1972: There were 10 MEDIVACs

1972: JCS cancelled closure until further notice.

Commanding Officers 1954 - 1955 LTJG Lawrence A. White
1955 - 1956 LTJG Christopher J. Aschilmann (? - AUG)
1956 - 1957 LTJG Edwin H. Daniels (AUG - AUG)
1957 - 1958 LTJG John M. Wilkinson (AUG - AUG)
1958 - 1959 LTJG David L. Green (AUG - ?)
1959 - 1960 LTJG Kennard M. Palfrey
1960 - 1961
1961 - 1962 LTJG Walter S. Rich
1962 - 1963 LTJG Ian S. Cruikshank (? – JUN)
1963 - 1964 LTJG Charles L. Keller (JUN - JUN)
1964 - 1965 LTJG William Protzman (JUN - ?)
1965 - 1966
1966 - 1967
1967 - 1968 LTJG James W. Kunkle
1968 - 1969
1969 - 1970 LTJG Gerald T. Victor (MAY – MAY)
1970 - 1971 LTJG Richard L. McGuire (MAY – JUN)
1971 - 1972 LTJG Charles A. Huber (JUN – JUN)
1972 - 1973 LTJG Thomas M. Howard (JUN - JUN)
1973 - 1974 LTJG Peter A. Barrett (JUN - ?)
1974 - 1975 LTJG Marlin L. Shelton (? - 30 JUN 1975)

Station Operations

LORAN-A

70 31 09 N 68 19 00 W (1957 GIB)
70 32 N 68 18 W (1962 Loran A System List)

Chain: EASTERN ARCTIC
 
Station Letter designation:
 
Radio Call Sign: NJZ
 
Declared Operational date: 08 NOV 1954

Operations terminated: 302400 (Local) JUN 1975
 
Station Operation: Double SLAVE/SECONDARY (DS)
 
Station pair:
Loran rate:
Coding delay:
Baseline:

Station pair:
Loran rate:
Coding delay:
Baseline:

CAPE CHRISTIAN (S) - CAPE ATHOLL (M)
1L7, 1L0, 2S6
1000us
Approx. 350 Nautical miles

CAPE CHRISTIAN (S) - NIPISAT (M)
1L1, 2S7
1000us
Approx. 295 Nautical miles

NOTE: 8.0us tolerance assigned during ice season; 4.0us at all other times
On-air testing date:
 
On-Air: 1L1 (S), 08 NOV 1954 NIPISAT
1L7 (S), 08 NOV 1954 CAPE ATHOLL
1L0 (S), NOV 1956 CAPE ATHOLL
2S6 (S), 1957 CAPE ATHOLL
2S7 (S), 1957 NIPISAT
Off-Air: 1L1 (S), 1957 Change of rate
1L7 (S), NOV 1956 Change of rate
1L0 (S), 1957 Change of rate
2S6 (S), 302400 (Local) JUN 1975 – CAPE ATHOLL
2S7 (S), 302400 (Local) JUN 1975 - NIPISAT
 
Monitor Rate: cross rate monitoring
 
Equipment: 1954: AN/FPN30, AN/FPA-2, T-325B, T-138A
1954: AN/URN-5 Radio Beacon Transmitter (USAF supplied)
1957: AN/URA-11 Radio Beacon (USCG Supplied)
1957: TACAN installed
 
Radiator:

Receiving Antennas:
"T" wire cage

1954: Vertical; Beverage; Comb
1956: Vertical; Comb - Beverage Discontinued
1956: Winter normal receiving operations
Vertical - local signal
1L0: Comb modified with amplifier
1L1: Comb

Fred's Place Reunion Hall: Old - New

Awards:

Coast Guard Unit Commendation

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01 SEP 1970 - 31 OCT 1970

15 JUN 1973 - 30 NOV 1973

The Arctic Service Medal

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Any member of the U. S. Coast Guard who serves or has served at least 21 consecutive days
under competent orders

Coast Guard Restricted Duty Ribbon

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Documents:

01 MAY 1954 - Exchange of Notes between Canada and The United States in relationshipn to construction of Cape Christian Loran Station - pdf

22 JUN 1956 - Overseas Loran Station Survey - pdf (photos)

05 FEB 1957 CG Official News Release - pdf

01 JUN 1957 General Information Book - pdf

1962-63 Report of Sky Wave Time Delay - pdf

21 JAN 1964 Review of Coast Guard Overseas Facilities -pdf

Pictures:

AUG 1956 CG photos

1963 Charles Keller (CO) photo collection

1963-64 CS1 Russell McLamb photo collection

Oct 1963 - Jan 1965 RCMP Mort Doyle photo collection

1964 Gene Oleson photo collection

1971 - 1972 Charlie Huber (CO) photo collection

Christmas party

Crew

General

Station spaces 

1971 - 1973 Steve Fedorchad photo collection

Christmas party 1971 & 72

Crew, meet some of them

Collection of cravings

Around the station

In the Elements

RCMP Special Consable Toopinga Family and George Iqalukjuak collection

Various photo from crew

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picture from google earth c./2009