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LORAN STATION MARCUS

Station Information

Site Survey: JAN 1962
 
Construction Date Spring 1963 - Construction commenced
 
Constructed by: Chris Berg of Seattle, WA
On site supervisor: Jack Allen
 
Established:
Commissioned:
JUL 1963
011245 OCT 1963

Disestablished: 30 SEP 1993 - Disestablishment Ceremony - Station transferred to the government of Japan
 
Operated by: 1963 - 30 SEP 1993 - USCG
 
Project Code name: WING II

Unit identifier: 14-40178

Mail Address: FPO SEATTLE 98782

Station aka: White Pearl of the Pacific

Personnel Allowance: 1969 - 2 officers; 33 enlisted
1979 - 2 officers; 27 enlisted
1985 - 2 officers; 22 enlisted

Mascot: 1967 - Skipper
1976 - Schnitzel; Lady; Willie; Chopper
1984 - Leonard
1987 - Willie Bear; Snitter - died

Miscellaneous: 13 AUG 1962 - Site Survey declassified

NOV 1962 - Loran site not officially transferred from the U.S. Air Force even though recognition of the transfer has been received. The Air Navigation Facility (Radio Beacon) was an ICAO requirement. The weather facility was a requirement of both ICAO and SAC.

1963 - Transferred completed. An agreement was that the U.S. Weather Bureau would staffed the weather station.

01 NOV 1963 to AUG 1968 - the weather station was operated by U. S. Weather Bureau. The US Coast Guard operated and maintained the Loran Station and radio beacon.

MAY 1964 - Chain reconfiguration - IWO & YAP tower failure.

13-14 OCT 1966 - Typhoon KATHY struck the island. Station off-air.

26 JUN 1968 - The island administration control was return to the Government of Japan. Control of the Weather Station and Radio Beacon were transferred to Japan.

17 JAN 1969 - The Japanese commenced to build a new Weather Station. Upon completion the Japanese Self Defense Force and Meteorological Agency operated the Weather Station.

1975 - HM committed suicide.

25 OCT 1977 - Typhoon IVY struck the island.

29 JUL 1984 - Typhoon DINAH struck the island.

21 MAR 1986 - Station off air for tower replacement

08 APR 1986 - 1350' tower demolished

18 JUN 1986 - 700' tower construction completed - station on air

30 SEP 1993 - The crew of U.S. Coast Guard LORAN Station Marcus Island decommissioned their station and transferred the station to the Japanese Maritime Safety Agency (JMSA). This was the last station in the NORTHWEST PACIFIC chain to be decommissioned and transferred to the JMSA under the 1992 agreement between United States and Japan.

Commanding Officers: 1963 - 1964 LTJG Louis C. Snell
1964 - 1965 LT William P. Leahy
1965 - 1966 LT Charles H. King
1966 - 1967 LT Larry D. Brooks
1967 - 1968
1968 - 1969 LT Dennis W. Mahar
1969 - 1969 LTJG Edward C. Cummings
1969 - 1970 LT Peasons (? - NOV)
1970 - 1971 LT R. S. Fish (NOV - ?)
1971 - 1972 LT Daniel D. Ryan
1972 - 1973 LTJG Phillip A. Piet
1973 - 1974 LT Kevin L. Ray
1974 - 1975 LT Lawrence M. Jasmann
1975 - 1976
1976 - 1977 LT Richard W. Brandes (? - MAY)
1977 - 1977 LT Alexandre LeGault*
*rotated from Iwo Jima - 4 months MAY - OCT
1977 - 1978 LT Arthur French (OCT - ?)
1978 - 1979 LT James M. Dennis
1979 - 1980 LT Bruce E. Tate
1980 - 1981 LT Craig D. Peterson
1981 - 1982 LT John E. Crowley
1982 - 1983 LT Hugh F. Sage
1983 - 1984 LT Michael Kopito
1984 - 1985 LT Dwight K. McGee
1985 - 1986 LT Edward L. Love (? - OCT)
1986 - 1987 LT Paul J. Tikkanen (OCT - 16 OCT)
1987 - 1988 LTJG Brian G. Beason (16 OCT - ?)
1988 - 1989 LTJG P. Paquette (? - MAR)
1989 - 1990 LT James N. Koshar (MAR - APR)
1990 - 1991 LTJG John D. Wood (APR - APR)
1991 - 1992 LTJG Jerald L. Woloszynski (APR - MAY)
1992 - 1993 LT Michael B. Christian (MAY - 30 SEP)

Station Operations

LORAN-C

24 17.1 N - 153 58.7 E (01 OCT 1964)
24 17 07.700 N - 153 58 51.500 E (WGS-72)
24 17 08.026 N - 153 58 53.786 E (WGS-84)

Chain: NORTHWEST PACIFIC
 
Station Letter designation: SS-3, 9970 - "W"
7930 - "M"
 
Radio Call Sign: NRV-6 - NET

Operational date:
Declared Operational:

21 JAN 1964
Operations Ceased:

30 SEP 1993
Station Operation: 1964 - Single SLAVE/SECONDARY (SS)
1964 - Single MASTER (SM)
1965 - 1981 - Single SLAVE/SECONDARY (SS)
1981 - Single MASTER (SM)
1981 - 1993 Single SECONDARY (SS)

Loran Rate:
Function:
Baseline:

Loran Rate:
Function:
Baseline:


Loran Rate:
Function:
Baseline:

SS-3; 9970
W
Approx. 693 Nautical miles

SS-0
M
M-X Approx. 1215 Nautical miles
M-Y Approx. 1409 Nautical miles

7930
M
M-X Approx. 1215 Nautical miles
M-Y Approx. 1409 Nautical miles
M-Z Approx. 1278 Nautical miles

On-air testing date: 25 JUL 1963 - SS-3 Normal Star Configuration
17 MAR 1964 - SS-3 MARCUS Master - Chain reconfiguration (IWO Off Air)
21 DEC 1964 - SS-3 "W" - Normal STAR Configuration (IWO On Air)

Rate/Date On-Air/Function: SS-3 (W) 21 JAN 1964
SS-0 (M) 25 MAY 1964
SS-3 (W) 01 JAN 1965
9970 (W) 25 FEB 1975
7930 (M) 210300Z FEB 1981
9970 (W) 310700Z MAR 1981
9970 (W) 18 JUN 1986 - Completion of Tower replacement - Officially On-Air

Off-Air/Chain Rate/Function: SS-3 (W) - 1964 - Chain reconfiguration IWO/YAP tower failures
SS-0 (M) - 21 DEC 1964 - Chain reconfiguration to normal STAR
SS-3 (W) - 25 FEB 1975 - Changed Identification of GRI
9970 (W) - 202300Z FEB 1981 - Chain reconfiguration - IWO off air
7930 (M) - 310300Z MAR 1981 - Chain reconfiguration - IWO on air
9970 (W) - 21 MAR 1986 - Off air - tower replacement
9970 (W) - 30 SEP 1993 - U.S. Loran-C service terminated

Equipment: 1963 - AN/FPN-45/46 sn: 1 & 2; 3Mw
1968 - Clarinet Pilgrim installed
1975 - AN/FPN-54 Timers sn: 88 & 89; AN/FPN-60 sn: 21 installed
30 SEP 1993 - Equipment transferred to the GOJ
Transmitter AKA: GRETCHEN & CYNTHIA
 
Antenna Type: 1963 - 08 APR 1986 - 1350 ft TLM Stainless Inc. Model 1460 - 3Mw
18 JUN 1986 - 700ft - 1Mw

Fred's Place Reunion Hall: OLD NEW

AWARDS:

Coast Guard Meritorious Unit Commendation

image

14 JUL 1977 - 26 OCT 1977
25 OCT 1984 - 24 OCT 1985
25 OCT 1985 - 24 OCT 1986
01 NOV 1986 - 15 OCT 1987
JUL 1989 - APR 1990
APR 1992 - FEB 1993
OCT 1992 - JUL 1993

Coast Guard Restricted Ribbon

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General Information Books

JUL 1969 - pdf

MAY 1979 - pdf

SEP 1985/86 - pdf

Documents:

01 OCT 1963 - Station Inspection Book entries by Commandant & FESEC - pdf

SEP 1971 - Operation KAPUT KAMIKAZE - pdf

240221Z SEP 75 - State Department S/V FLATBUSH MAN sunk - pdf

241558Z SEP 75 - State Department S/V FLATBUSH MAN sunk - pdf

12 SEP 1986 - Commandant Bulletin - Un-tenna article (Replacement of tower) - pdf

1987 - Welcome to Loran Station Marcus Island (article by HM1 Scott Evans) - pdf

24 JUN 1993 - D14 OPORDER 05-93 to Disestablishment and Transfer Loran Station Marcus Island - pdf

AUG-SEP 1993 - MOU Transfer of Station; in preparation - pdf

30 SEP 1993 - Decommission and Turnover Ceremony - pdf

30 SEP 1993 - Letter of Appreciation to LT Brian B. Christian - pdf

Pictures:

Robert Jackson 1965/66 photo collection

Larry Brooks 1966/67 photo collection

Art (Nick) Nichols JUL 1973 photo collection

Ron Ladd 1977/78 photo collection

Marcus photo collection by crew members
Don Johnson 1965/66 - Bob Mudge 1970/71 - Scott Evans 1980 - Gus MacFeeley

 

 

Station patch retrieved from Fred's Place c./1992

Station Hat
Contributed by Don Perillo

Thanks Don!