LORAN STATION DEMING
45 12 51.50 N 61 10 33.00 W (1960 Mercury Datum)
|Site Survey:||SUMMER 1942
|Construction Date||JUN 27, 1942 - Ground broken
~1 JAN 1943 - Station transferred to the CANADIANS
|Established:||1 OCT 1942
|Disestablished:||31 DEC 1981
|Station Letter designation:||1L2, 1L7, 1H1, 1H2, “D”|
|Station code name:||DOG
|Station Unit Number:||4
|On-air testing date:||1L2, 01 OCT 1942 – BACCARO
1L7, 15 MAR 1945 – PORT-AUX-BASIQUE
|Operational date:||01 OCT 1942 - 16 hours daily until JUN 1943
|Operations Ceased:||312400Z DEC 1981
|Station Operation:||Double MASTER
|Station pair:||1L2, 1H2, BACCARO
1L7, 1H1, PORT-AUX-BASIQUE
|Loran Rate:||1L2, 1L7, 1H1, 1H2
|On-Air:||1L2, 01 OCT 1942
1L7, 26 OCT 1945
1H1, 312400Z DEC 1981
1H2, 312400Z DEC 1981
|Equipment:||1966 - T-137 Transmitter installed
FEB 1976 – AN/FPN-53, LRE and Rubidium Oscillators Installed
|Miscellaneous:||1 OCT 1942 - 16 hr daily North Atlantic Service
~1 JAN 1943 - Radiation Laboratory turned the station over to the Canadian Royal Navy
JUN 1943 - Full 24 hour service
Commanding Officers /
Officers in Charge
|OIC: LT Mary Effie Francis Mills WRCNS WWII
Picture from google earth.
Whitehead ( Deming Island), Nova Scotia
As rate 1L2 (master) Oct 1942 to 1945
Additional history being researched.
WWII RCN Awards: MILLS, Mary Effie Francis, Lieutenant . Member - Order of the British Empire (MBE) WRCNS / Officer-in-Charge Loran Station at Whitehead (Deming Island), Nova Scotia.
Awarded as per Canada Gazette of 15 June 1946 "For exemplary devotion to duty under difficult conditions. As Officer-in-Charge of the isolated Loran station at Whitehead, Nova Scotia, Lieutenant Mills was responsible for the operation and maintenance of highly technical equipment and the administration of a station where the maintenance of morale was of great importance. Her constant cheerfulness throughout her appointment at Whitehead won the admiration of those serving with her." Home: Winnipeg, Manitoba. Born in 1910.
She gave a interview in 2000 at age 90. Lt. Mills was sent to Ottawa to learn about Loran, a new kind of location radar developed at Boston's Massachusetts Institute of Technology. For almost a year, Mills and two other women worked behind a curtain in an office, their work deemed too sensitive for prying eyes. They received electronic signals, forwarded the data to MIT and helped in basic research on waves and radar beams. Then she was transferred to Whitehead, N.S where she led 25 WRENS working in eight-hour shifts around the clock, monitoring radio signals from sea.