Loran Equipment Banner

LORAN STATION FENWICK ISLAND

38 28 25.02 N 75 2 59.1 W - 1901 topographical map

Coordinates based on 1901 topographical five minute map showing the location of the LSS station.
Antenna location is unknown, but would be close to the station.
06 Jun 2017, JJ

Fact Sheet

Site Survey: 1941 

Construction Date Summer/Fall 1941 

Constructed by: MIT 

Established: DEC 1941 

Disestablished: FEB 1945 

Operated by: MIT, DEC 1941 - 1943
USCG, 1943 – 01 FEB 1945 

Chain: NORTH ATLANTIC 

Station Letter designation: 1L0, “F” 

Station code name: FOX 

Station Unit Number:

Station nickname:  

On-air testing date: 1L0, DEC 1941 

Operational date: 1L0, MAY 1942 MONTAUK POINT
1L0, 1 JUL 1943 NANTUCKET 
Operations Ceased: 1L0, FEB 1945 

Station Operation: Single SLAVE 

Station pair: MONTAUK POINT, DEC 1941 – 01 JUL 1943
NANTUCKET, 01 JUL 1943 – 1 FEB 1945 
Loran Rate: 1L0 

On-Air: 1L0, DEC 1941 

Off-Air 1L0, 1 FEB 1945 

Monitor Rate:  

Equipment:  

Personnel Allowance:  

Miscellaneous: 1 OCT 1942 - 16 hr daily North Atlanta service
1 JAN 1943 - The U.S. Coast Guard took full responsibility of station operations.
JUN 1943 - Full 24 hour service
Feb 1945 - disestablished as a Loran Transmitting station - operations relocated to Bodie Island
FENWICK (Unit 30) became the support test site for electronics, Loran, Radar,etc…which into moved to Wildwood, NJ 1948. 

Commanding Officers /
Officers in Charge
 


Documents

1901 Topographical Map with 5 minute grids - pdf file

Pictures

Fenwick Island from Google Earth

Used the 1901 coordinates.

Summer of 1941 first test via Google Earth

The notables during the summer of 1941 first test:

The first test were to see if the signals were stable.  They noted the higher frequencies were more stable in the daytime and the lower ones were more stable at night.

Reception was as far away as Springfield, MO.Montauk station to Springfiled was about 1175 miles and the Fenwick station to Springfield was about 1000 miles.

The monitor at Manhawkin, NJ only reported on signal quality, by phone.  They did not synchronize the transmissions.

They noted that using a circular sweep scope was awkward, if not impractical.

In the late summer,  A.J. Touch of the British Air Command visited the Radiation Lab.  He described the GEE system in a cursory manner.  He also assured MIT that accurate measurements to better than one microsecond was possible with portable equipment.  He also hinted that a multiple trace indicator can provide a means to match pulses on delayed sweeps.

ref: CG at War IV: Loran Volume 1